NoDaLiDa 2023 - May 22-24, 2023
SESSION 8 - NLP APPLICATIONS
Dyslexia Prediction from Natural Reading of Danish Texts
Marina Björnsdóttir, Nora Hollenstein, Maria Barrett
Dyslexia screening in adults is an open challenge since difficulties may not align with standardised tests designed for children. We collect eye-tracking data from natural reading of Danish texts from readers with dyslexia while closely following the experimental design of a corpus of readers without dyslexia. Research suggests that the opaque orthography of the Danish language affects the diagnostic characteristics of dyslexia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to classify dyslexia from eye movements during reading in Danish. We experiment with various machine-learning methods, and our best model yields 0.85 F1 score.
Danish Clinical Named Entity Recognition and Relation Extraction
Martin Sundahl Laursen, Jannik Skyttegaard Pedersen, Rasmus Søgaard Hansen, Thiusius Rajeeth Savarimuthu, Pernille Just Vinholt
Electronic health records contain important information regarding the patients' medical history but much of this information is stored in unstructured narrative text. This paper presents the first Danish clinical named entity recognition and relation extraction dataset for extraction of six types of clinical events, six types of attributes, and three types of relations. The dataset contains 11,607 paragraphs from Danish electronic health records containing 54,631 clinical events, 41,954 attributes, and 14,604 relations. We detail the methodology of developing the annotation scheme, and train a transformer-based architecture on the developed dataset with macro F1 performance of 60.05%, 44.85%, and 70.64% for clinical events, attributes, and relations, respectively.
Second and foreign language (L2) learners often make specific spelling errors compared to native speakers. Language-independent spell-checking algorithms that rely on n-gram models can offer a simple solution for improving learner error detection and correction due to context-sensitivity. As the open-source speller previously available for Estonian is rule-based, our aim was to evaluate the performance of bi- and trigram-based statistical spelling correctors on an error-tagged set of A2–C1-level texts written by L2 learners of Estonian. The newly trained spell-checking models were compared to existing correction tools (open-source and commercial). Then, the best-performing Jamspell corrector was trained on various datasets to analyse their effect on the correction results.
Good Reads and Easy Novels: Readability and Literary Quality in a Corpus of US-published Fiction
Yuri Bizzoni, Pascale Feldkamp Moreira, Nicole Dwenger, Ida Marie S. Lassen, Mads Rosendahl Thomsen, Kristoffer L. Nielbo
In this paper, we explore the extent to which readability contributes to the perception of literary quality as defined by two categories of variables: expert-based (e.g., Pulitzer Prize, National Book Award) and crowd-based (e.g., GoodReads, WorldCat). Based on a large corpus of modern and contemporary fiction in English, we examine the correlation of a text's readability with its perceived literary quality, also assessing readability measures against simpler stylometric features. Our results show that readability generally correlates with popularity as measured through open platforms such as GoodReads and WorldCat but has an inverse relation with three prestigious literary awards. This points to a distinction between crowd- and expert-based judgments of literary style, as well as to a discrimination between fame and appreciation in the reception of a book.